Your medicine cabinet is one of the most dangerous
Your medicine cabinet is one of the most dangerous areas of your
house, and not for the reasons that you may think. Lurking just behind
your bathroom mirror, where all of your favorite beauty products are
housed, lays a virtual toxic nightmare. The growing list of synthetic
ingredients manufacturers add to their products are turning the most
innocent looking shampoos and moisturizers into cocktails of toxins
that could cause cancer or reproductive damage over years of sustained
use. Modern cosmetics contain a host of dangerous ingredients, which
would be more at home in a test tube than in our bodies.
Like most people, you probably assume that the ingredients found in
beauty products have been thoroughly tested for safety well before they
ever land on your grocery store's shelves. After all, the government
has regulations in place for the water that we drink, the food that we
eat and the air that we breathe. One would assume that the FDA would
also be overseeing the cosmetic industry to ensure the health and
safety of consumers. Unfortunately, the FDA has little power when it
comes to regulating the ingredients found in your beauty products. In
fact, the only people ensuring the safety of personal care products are
the very people who govern the industry: The Cosmetic Trade Association
(CTFA). Scientists paid by the CTFA make up the Cosmetic Ingredient
Review panel (CIR) and are tasked with regulating the safety of its
industry's own products.
In 2004 the Environmental Working Group (EWG) released the findings
of a study that they conducted into the safety of beauty care products.
Comparing approximately 10,000 ingredients found in 7,500 different
products against lists of known and suspected chemical health hazards,
their research revealed that the CIR was falling tragically short in
ensuring consumer safety.
Of the 7,500 products tested by the EWG, only a mere 28 had been
evaluated for safety by the CIR. The EWG found that 1 in every 120
products analyzed contained ingredients certified by the government as
known or probable carcinogens and that nearly 1/3 of all the products
contained ingredients classified as possible carcinogens. Astoundingly,
54 products even violated recommendations for safe use that the CIR had
set into place, yet these products are still available for sale today.
Of the products tested, the worst offenders were products containing
the cancer causing ingredients coal tar, alpha hydroxy acids and beta
hydroxy acids and those containing the hormone-disrupting ingredient,
Coal Tar 71 hair dye products evaluated were found to contain
ingredients derived from coal tar (listed as FD&C or D&C on
ingredients labels). Several studies have linked long time hair dye use
with bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
A research study conducted in 2001 by the USC School of Medicine
found that women using permanent hair dye at least once a month more
than doubled their risk of bladder cancer. The study estimates that,
"19% of bladder cancer in women in Los Angeles, California, may be
attributed to permanent hair dye use."
A link between hair dye and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was established
in a 1992 study conducted by the National Cancer Institute, finding
that 20% of all cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma may be linked to hair
While the FDA has not stepped in to prevent the use of coal tar in
beauty products, they do advise consumers that reducing hair dye use
will possibly "reduce the risk of cancer".
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) & Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHA) AHA and BHA
are commonly used in products advertised to remove wrinkles, blemishes,
blotches and acne scars. With consumer complaints of burning, swelling
and pain associated with AHA and BHA flooding into the FDA, they began
conducting their own research about 15 years ago. Their findings linked
the use of AHA and BHA with a doubling of UV-induced skin damage and a
potential increased risk of skin cancer.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, skin cancer has
reached "epidemic proportions", with 1 million new cases occurring each
year and 1 person dying every hour from the disease. They estimate that
at the current rate, 1 in 5 people will develop skin cancer over their
The FDA's study findings were presented to the CIR, but the panel
approved the continued use of AHA and BHA, "in spite of serious safety
questions submitted by a consumer group and a major manufacturer,"
according to an FDA spokesperson.
Even though 1 out of every 17 products analyzed by the EWG study had
either AHA or BHA in their ingredients (with nearly 10% being
moisturizers and 6% sunscreens), the most that the FDA could do was
suggest that products containing the ingredients carry a warning to use
sunscreen and to limit their sun exposure while using the product. A
puzzling solution, since some of the products containing the dangerous
ingredient are designed specifically for use in the sun.
Phthalates Phthalates are industrial plasticizers widely used in
personal care products to moisturize and soften skin, impart
flexibility to nail polish after it dries and enhance the fragrances
used in most products. Studies indicate that phthalates cause a wide
range of birth defects and lifelong reproductive impairments, targeting
every organ in the male reproductive system and causing problems
ranging from low sperm count to serious genital deformities that can
lead to an increased risk of cancer.
While the EWG only found 4 products with phthalate listed as an
ingredient (all nail care products), there is no telling how many
products actually contain it. The industry is not required to list the
ingredients in their fragrances or "trade secret" ingredients on their
products and phthalates often fall into one of those two categories.
In September of 2004, the European Union implemented a ban on all
beauty products containing phthalates. California Assemblywoman, Judy
Chu, has proposed a similar bill (AB 908) to be voted on later this
year that would implement the same ban in the US. Opponents to the
bill, mainly the CTFA, argue that changing their labeling process would
present a huge economic burden and could infringe on trade secrets. A
similar bill failed only last year.
4 Steps of Action! 1. Go to www.ewg.com and check out the health
risk of your favorite products. EWG has compiled a guide of 7,500
beauty care products and has ranked them according to their
ingredients' potential to cause cancer, trigger allergic reactions,
interfere with the endocrine (hormonal) system, impair reproduction or
damage a developing fetus.
2. Visit the FDA's website at www.fda.gov and familiarize yourself
with the steps that you can take in order to file complaints or
concerns about consumer products.
3. Visit www.safecosmetics.org to learn more about how you can
become involved with bill AB 908 to ban phthalates in beauty products
in the United States.
4. Check out my recommendations for all natural and safe products
for both you and your family at www.scmedicalcenter.com. All products
mentioned have been used safely and with wonderful results by my
patients for years!