Wrinkles, lines, and excess skin
Underlying fat that helps fill out the skin is lost or migrates
downward due to the effects of aging. Furthermore, the support
structure of collagen (CAHL-uh-jin) and elastin (ee-LAST-ihn) fibers
begins to break down and skin becomes less elastic.
These changes are
accelerated by sun exposure and eventually cause lines, deep wrinkles,
and sagging skin. Treatment of such conditions may depend on the
location and severity of the problem, as well as your age and skin
tone. Fine to moderate lines are most often corrected with some method
of exfoliation, or removal of outer skin layers.
Exfoliation could be
as simple as using an alpha-hydroxy (hy-DRAWK-see) acid or retinoin
(reh-tih-NOH-ihn) cream, or it might entail physical methods like
microdermabrasion or laser resurfacing. If lines are deep, an
injectable filler such as collagen or Dermalogen (der-muh-LOH-jin) may
be used, or a permanent implant may be placed under the skin to fill
out the tissue.
Wrinkles that are caused by muscle contractions, such
as frown lines, may be relaxed with injections of a substance called
Botox (BOH-tawks). When sagging skin causes droops or folds, some type
of surgical lift procedure is usually indicated, such as a face, neck,
or brow lift.