Treatment for sunlight induced alterations
As a result, the skin begins to sag and wrinkle. The sun may also
induce pigment changes such as freckles and age spots, or cause hard,
flaky growths known as actinic keratoses (ac-TIHN-ihk
kehr-uh-TOE-seez). The most common treatments for sun damaged skin fall
into three major categories: resurfacing, bleaching, and filling.
Resurfacing includes a wide variety of methods, from products you can
use at home to techniques performed at a doctor's office. Retinoid
creams and topical products with 8 percent or more of alpha- hydroxy
acid are often used to slough off dull surface skin and reveal a
fresher complexion. This may soften the look of minor wrinkles and
blotches as well.
Faster improvement may be obtained with light or
medium chemical peels and microdermabrasion, though repeat treatments
are needed to maintain results. To correct considerable damage, laser
resurfacing of the face may be needed. Spot laser treatment can be used
to remove keratoses, spider veins, and age spots. Blotchiness from the
sun may also be lightened with various prescription creams, such as
those containing hydroquinone (hy-droh-KWIHN-ohn) and Retin-A.
Wrinkles and depressions may be plumped up with a filler like collagen
or a permanent implant.