Skin conditions related to HIV and AIDS
Many of these are common skin disorders, but in HIV or AIDS patients,
the symptoms tend to be much more severe. During the early phase of HIV
infection, 95 percent of patients will experience herpes simplex
(SIHM-plecks) Type 1 or 2, causing painful, recurrent out breaks of
sores around the mouth or genitals.
Problems such as candidiasis
(Can-dih-DYE-uh-sihs) and herpes zoster (ZAWST-uhr) may also occur and
become progressively worse. Candidiasis is a fungal infection that
causes a burning, itchy rash, while herpes zoster results in shingles,
an extremely uncomfortable rash that may hurt even after the sores have
healed. Other skin conditions affecting HIV and AIDS patients are
rarely seen in the general population.
One example is infection by the
bacteria staphylococcus aureus, (staf-uhl-oh-KAW-kuhs AR-ee-uhs) which
may cause skin blisters, boils, and infection of the hair follicles.
Another is a cancerous growth known as Kaposi's sarcoma (kuh-POH-seez
sawr-KOH-muh), which is typically considered one of the defining
symptoms of full-blown AIDS. These lesions usually strike men and may
first appear as a small brown or black spot on dark individuals or a
purple, bruise-like mark on those with lighter skin.